This is an ethnographic map of the Fergana region from the scientific report Le Kohistan, le Ferghanah & Kouldja: Expédition scientifique Française en Russie, en Sibérie et dans le Turkestan (1878) written by Charles Eugène de Ujfalvy de Mezö-Kovesd. Along with three other ethnographic maps depicting different areas of Russian Turkestan, and some twenty tables with anthropological data of the inhabitants of these regions, it accompanies a detailed account of anthropological and ethnographic research conducted in Russian Turkestan in 1877. Fergana is situated to the north of the Pamir Mountains and the Syr Darya River flows through the region from Namangan in the east to Khujand in the west. In the southern part of the valley, Shohimordon and Wadil are noted, while Osh and Andijan can be seen in its eastern part. The cities of Kokand and Marghelan appear in the center of the map. Towns and villages inhabited by Sarts, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kipchaks, Kara-Kalpaks, among others, are marked in red. The travel route of the author is indicated with red lines along with other roads and postal routes. Additionally, the travel route of the Russian explorer Alexei P. Fedchenko from 1871 is illustrated in this map.